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The words do and while, in computing languages like C and Java, are used to execute instructions repeatedly while a given conditional holds true. Similarly, in the real world, cynicism and destruction ensue as long as arrogance and hatred persist. Just as how New Economy was sustained by greed, and on hindsight how optimism should always be upheld with caution.

In dowhile, the follow-up to his acclaimed debut Isaac, Yong Shu Hoong reads the signs of uncertain times, mediating on themes ranging from terrorists attacks, corporate toils to the symbolism of aquariums.

Wryly he examines the parameters of self-absorption, poignancy, love and happiness – with the hope that understanding and enlightenment would free us from our logic and algorithms.